------------------------ MS-DOS v6.22 Help: APPEND -------------------------
<Notes> <Examples>                                                   <Index>
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                                   APPEND
 
Enables programs to open data files in specified directories as if the files
were in the current directory. Do not use this command when Windows is
running.
 
The specified directories are called appended directories because, for the
sake of opening data files, they can be found as if they were appended to
the current directory.
 
Syntax
 
    APPEND [[drive:]path[;...]] [/X[:ON|:OFF]][/PATH:ON|/PATH:OFF] [/E]
 
To display the list of appended directories, use the following syntax:
 
    APPEND
 
To cancel the existing list of appended directories, use the following
syntax:
 
    APPEND ;
 
Parameters
 
[drive:]path
    Specifies the drive (if other than the current drive) and directory that
    you want to append to the current directory. You can specify multiple
    entries of [drive:]path, separating the entries with semicolons.
 
;
    When used by itself (APPEND ;), cancels the existing list of appended
    directories.
 
Switches
 
/X[:ON|:OFF]
    Specifies whether MS-DOS is to search (/X:ON) or not search (/X:OFF)
    appended directories when executing programs. You can abbreviate /X:ON
    to /X. If you want to specify X:ON, you must do it the first time you
    use APPEND after starting your system. After that, you can switch
    between X:ON and X:OFF. The default value is /X:OFF.
 
/PATH:ON|/PATH:OFF
    Specifies whether a program is to search appended directories for a data
    file when a path is already included with the name of the file the
    program is looking for. The default setting is /PATH:ON.
 
/E
    Assigns the list of appended directories to an environment variable
    named APPEND. This switch can be used only the first time you use APPEND
    after starting your system. If you use /E, you can use the SET command
    to display the list of appended directories. For information about
    environment variables, see the <SET> command.
 
Caution
 
Do not use Append with Microsoft Windows or the Windows Setup program.
 
Related Command
 
To set a search path for executable files, see the <PATH> command.
 
                                      ***

<Syntax> <Examples>
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                               APPEND--Notes
 
Running APPEND with Microsoft Windows
 
Do not use Append with Microsoft Windows or the Windows Setup program.
 
Running APPEND multiple times
 
You can use APPEND as many times as you want after starting your system.
However, note the following:
 
***  The /E switch is valid only the first time you use APPEND after starting
   your system.
 
***  The second and subsequent times you run APPEND, you must omit the .EXE
   filename extension. If you try to run APPEND by typing APPEND.EXE, it
   will not load more than once.
 
Storing the list of appended directories in the environment
 
You can use the /E switch with APPEND to assign the list of appended
directories to an environment variable named APPEND. To do this, first use
the APPEND command with only the /E switch. Then use APPEND again, this time
including the directories you want to append. You cannot specify /E and
[drive:]path on the same command line.
 
Specifying multiple appended directories
 
To append more than one directory, separate multiple entries with
semicolons. If you use the APPEND command with the [drive:]path parameters
again, the specified directory or directories replace any directories
specified in a previous APPEND command.
 
Appended directories and the DIR command
 
If you specify the DIR command, the resulting list does not include
filenames from appended directories.
 
Filename conflicts
 
If a file in an appended directory has the same name as a file in the
current directory, programs open the file in the current directory.
 
Using APPEND with programs that create new files
 
When a program opens a file in an appended directory, the file can be found
as if it were in the current directory. If the program then saves the file
by creating a new file with the same name, the new file is created in the
current directory (not the appended directory). APPEND is appropriately used
for data files that are not to be modified or that are to be modified
without creating new copies of the files. Database programs often modify
data files without making new copies. Text editors and word processors,
however, usually save modified data files by making new copies. To avoid
confusion, do not use APPEND with these programs.
 
Using the /X:ON switch and the path command
 
When /X:ON is specified, you can run a program located in an appended
directory by typing the program name at the command prompt. Usually, you use
the PATH command to specify directories that contain programs. However, when
your program is in an appended directory, you do not need to use the PATH
command to specify that directory. MS-DOS finds a program in an appended
directory by following the usual order in which MS-DOS searches for a
program; that is, first in the current directory, then in the appended
directories, and then in the search path.
 
MS-DOS functions that always use appended directories
 
Even when the /X:ON switch is not specified, appended directories are used
when programs call the following MS-DOS Interrupt 21h functions:
 
***  Open File (0Fh)
 
***  Open File Handle (3Dh)
 
***  Get File Size (23h)
 
When /X:ON is specified, appended directories are used when programs call
any of the Interrupt 21h functions in the preceding list or any of the
Interrupt 21h functions in the following list:
 
***  Find First Entry (11h)
 
***  Find First File (4Eh)
 
***  Execute Program (EXEC) (4Bh)
 
Using APPEND with network drives
 
You can use the APPEND command to append directories that are located on
network drives.
 
                                      ***

<Syntax> <Notes>
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                              APPEND--Examples
 
To allow programs to open data files in a directory named LETTERS on the
disk in drive B and in a directory named REPORTS on the disk in drive A as
if the files were in the current directory, type the following command:
 
    append b:\letters;a:\reports
 
To append the same directories and keep a copy of the list of appended
directories in the MS-DOS environment, type the following commands:
 
    append /e
 
    append b:\letters;a:\reports
 
These must be the first APPEND commands you use after starting your system.
 
                                      ***

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Last update: June 14, 2000 06:20 EST by -vjf-
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