-------------------------- MS-DOS v6.22 Help: FC ---------------------------
<Notes> <Examples>                                                   <Index>
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                                     FC
 
Compares two files and displays the differences between them.
 
Syntax
 
To make an ASCII comparison, use the following syntax:
 
    FC [/A] [/C] [/L] [/LBn] [/N] [/T] [/W] [/nnnn][drive1:][path1]filename1
    [drive2:][path2]filename2
 
To make a binary comparison, use the following syntax:
 
    FC /B [drive1:][path1]filename1 [drive2:][path2]filename2
 
Parameters
 
[drive1:][path1]filename1
    Specifies the location and name of the first file you want to compare.
 
[drive2:][path2]filename2
    Specifies the location and name of the second file you want to compare.
 
Switches
 
/A
    Abbreviates the output of an ASCII comparison. Instead of displaying all
    the lines that are different, FC displays only the first and last line
    for each set of differences.
 
/C
    Ignores the case of letters.
 
/L
    Compares the files in ASCII mode. FC compares the two files line by line
    and attempts to resynchronize the files after finding a mismatch. This
    is the default mode for comparing files that do not have extensions of
    .EXE, .COM, .SYS, .OBJ, .LIB, or .BIN.
 
/LBn
    Sets the number of lines for the internal line buffer. The default
    length of the line buffer is 100 lines. If the files being compared have
    more than this number of consecutive differing lines, FC cancels the
    comparison.
 
/N
    Displays the line numbers during an ASCII comparison.
 
/T
    Does not expand tabs to spaces. The default behavior is to treat tabs as
    spaces, with stops at each eighth character position.
 
/W
    Compresses white space (tabs and spaces) during the comparison. If a
    line contains many consecutive spaces or tabs, the /W switch treats
    these characters as a single space. When used with the /W switch, FC
    ignores (and does not compare) white space at the beginning and end of a
    line.
 
/nnnn
    Specifies the number of consecutive lines that must match before FC
    considers the files to be resynchronized. If the number of matching
    lines in the files is less than this number, FC displays the matching
    lines as differences. The default value is 2.
 
/B
    Compares the files in binary mode. FC compares the two files byte by
    byte and does not attempt to resynchronize the files after finding a
    mismatch. This is the default mode for comparing files that have
    extensions of .EXE, .COM, .SYS, .OBJ, .LIB, or .BIN.
 
                                      ***

<Syntax> <Examples>
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                                 FC--Notes
 
Reporting differences between files for an ASCII comparison
 
When you use FC for an ASCII comparison, MS-DOS reports differences between
two files by displaying the name of the first file, followed by the last
line to match in both files, followed by the lines from filename1 that
differ between the files, followed by the first line to match in both files.
MS-DOS then displays the name of the second file, followed by the last line
to match, followed by the lines from filename 2 that differ, followed by the
next line to match.
 
Using the /B switch for binary comparisons
 
MS-DOS uses the following format to report mismatches found during a binary
comparison:
 
    xxxxxxxx: yy zz
 
The value of xxxxxxxx specifies the relative hexadecimal address for the
pair of bytes, measured from the beginning of the file. Addresses start at
00000000; the hexadecimal values for yy and zz represent the mismatched
bytes from filename1 and filename2, respectively.
 
Using wildcards
 
You can use wildcards (* and ?) in either of the filenames you specify with
the FC command. If you use a wildcard in filename1, FC compares all the
specified files to the file specified by filename2. If you use a wildcard in
filename2, FC uses the corresponding value from filename1.
 
How FC uses memory
 
When comparing ASCII files, FC uses an internal buffer (large enough to hold
100 lines) as storage. If the files are larger than the buffer, FC compares
what it can load into the buffer. If FC does not find a match in the loaded
portions of the files, it stops and displays the following message:
 
    Resynch failed. Files are too different.
 
When comparing binary files that are larger than available memory, FC
compares both files completely, overlaying the portions in memory with the
next portions from the disk. The output is the same as that for files that
fit completely in memory.
 
                                      ***

<Syntax> <Notes>
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                                FC--Examples
 
Suppose you want to make an ASCII comparison of two text files that are
named MONTHLY.RPT and SALES.RPT, and you want to display the results in
abbreviated format. To make this comparison, type the following command:
 
    fc /a monthly.rpt sales.rpt
 
To make a binary comparison of two batch files named PROFITS.BAT and
EARNINGS.BAT, type the following command:
 
    fc /b profits.bat earnings.bat
 
The results of this command will be similar to the following:
 
    00000002: 72 43
    00000004: 65 3A
    0000000E: 56 92
    00000012: 6D 5C
    00000013: 0D 7C
    00000014: 0D 0A
    00000015: 0A 0D
    0000001E: 43 7A
    0000001F: 09 0A
    00000022: 72 44
         ...
         ...
         ...
    000005E0: 00 61
    000005E1: 00 73
    000005E2: 00 73
    000005E3: 00 69
    000005E4: 00 67
    000005E5: 00 6E
    000005E6: 00 6D
    000005E7: 00 65
    000005E8: 00 6E
    FC: EARNINGS.BAT longer than PROFITS.BAT
 
If the PROFITS.BAT and EARNINGS.BAT files were identical, FC would display
the following message:
 
    FC: no differences encountered
 
To compare every .BAT file in the current directory with the file NEW.BAT,
type the following command:
 
    fc *.bat new.bat
 
To compare the file NEW.BAT on drive C with the file NEW.BAT on drive D,
type the following command.
 
    fc c:new.bat d:*.bat
 
To compare each batch file in the root directory on drive C to the file with
the same name in the root directory on drive D, type the following command:
 
    fc c:\*.bat d:\*.bat
 
                                      ***

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Last update: June 14, 2000 06:20 EST by -vjf-
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