----------------------- MS-DOS v6.22 Help: LOADHIGH ------------------------
<Notes> <Examples>                                                   <Index>
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                               LOADHIGH (LH)
 
Loads a program into the upper memory area. Loading a program into the upper
memory area leaves more room in conventional memory for other programs. (For
more information about optimizing memory, see the chapter "Making More
Memory Available" in the MS-DOS User's Guide.)
 
Syntax
 
    LOADHIGH [drive:][path]filename [parameters]
 
To specify the region(s) of memory into which to load the program, use the
following syntax:
 
    LOADHIGH [/L:region1[,minsize1][;region2[,minsize2]...] [/S]]
    [drive:][path]filename [parameters]
 
You can abbreviate LOADHIGH as LH.
 
Switches
 
/L:region1[,minsize1][;region2[,minsize2]...]
    Specifies one or more regions of memory into which to load the program.
    If /L is not used, MS-DOS loads the program into the largest free
    upper-memory block (UMB) and makes all other UMBs available for the
    program's use. You can use the /L switch to load the program into a
    specific region of memory or to specify which region(s) the program can
    use.
 
    To load the program into the largest block in a specific region of upper
    memory, specify the region number after the /L switch. For example, to
    load the program into the largest free block in region 4, you would type
    /L:4. (To list the free areas of memory, type MEM /F at the command
    prompt.)
 
    When loaded with the /L switch, a program can use only the specified
    memory region. Some programs use more than one area of memory; for those
    programs, you can specify more than one region. (To find out how a
    particular program uses memory, use the MEM /M command and specify the
    program name as an argument.) To specify two or more regions, separate
    the block numbers with a semicolon (;). For example, to use blocks 2 and
    3, you would type /L:2;3.
 
    Normally, MS-DOS loads the program into a UMB in the specified region
    only if that region contains a UMB larger than the program's load size
    (usually equal to the size of the executable program file). If the
    program requires more memory while running than it does when loaded, you
    can use the minsize parameter to ensure that the program will not be
    loaded into a UMB that is too small for it. If you specify a value for
    minsize, MS-DOS loads the program into that region only if it contains a
    UMB that is larger than both the program's load size and the minsize
    value.
 
/S
    Shrinks the UMB to its minimum size while the program is loading. Using
    this switch makes the most efficient use of memory. This switch is
    typically used only by the MemMaker program, which can analyze a
    program's memory use to determine whether the /S switch can safely be
    used when loading that program. This switch can be used only in
    conjunction with the /L switch and affects only UMBs for which a minimum
    size was specified.
 
Parameters
 
[drive:][path]filename
    Specifies the location and name of the program you want to load.
 
parameters
    Specifies any command-line information required by the program.
 
Related Commands
 
For information about loading device drivers into upper memory, see the
<DEVICEHIGH> command.
 
For information about using the MemMaker program to move programs to the
upper memory area, see the <MEMMAKER> command.
 
                                      ***

<Syntax> <Examples>
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                            LOADHIGH (LH)--Notes
 
DOS=UMB command required
 
To use the LOADHIGH command, you must include the DOS=UMB command in your
CONFIG.SYS file. For more information about the DOS=UMB command, see the
<DOS> command.
 
Using MemMaker to optimize the upper memory area automatically
 
The MemMaker program, included with MS-DOS, automatically optimizes your
system's memory. MemMaker surveys the upper memory area, analyzes the memory
use of your drivers and programs, and determines which drivers and programs
fit best into the available UMBs. MemMaker then adds the LOADHIGH command to
selected lines in your AUTOEXEC.BAT file and adds /L and /S switches as
necessary. For more information about using MemMaker to optimize your
computer's memory, see the chapter "Making More Memory Available" in the
MS-DOS User's Guide.
 
Upper-memory-area manager must be installed
 
Before you can load a program into the upper memory area, you must install
an upper-memory-area manager. MS-DOS provides EMM386.EXE, which manages the
upper memory area for computers with an 80386 or higher processor. To
install EMM386, you add a DEVICE command to your CONFIG.SYS file. (The
DEVICE command for the HIMEM.SYS extended-memory manager must precede the
DEVICE command for EMM386.)
 
How LOADHIGH works
 
When you use the LOADHIGH command to load a program, MS-DOS attempts to load
it into the upper memory area. If there is insufficient space in the upper
memory area, MS-DOS loads the program into conventional memory. To determine
which UMB(s) the program is using, use the MEM /M command and specify the
program name as an argument.
 
Using LOADHIGH in your AUTOEXEC.BAT file
 
The most convenient way to use the LOADHIGH command is to include it in your
AUTOEXEC.BAT file. (If you use the MemMaker program, it automatically adds
any necessary LOADHIGH commands to the AUTOEXEC.BAT file.)
 
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<Syntax> <Notes>
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                          LOADHIGH (LH)--Examples
 
The following command loads the DOSKEY program into the upper memory area
and specifies that MS-DOS should load the driver into region 1:
 
    loadhigh /l:1 c:\dos\doskey
 
The following command loads the MYPROG.EXE program into region 1, and also
gives it access to upper memory regions 3 and 4:
 
    lh /L:1;3;4 c:\programs\myprog.exe
 
The following command loads the MYPROG program into conventional memory
(region 0) and also gives it access to upper memory region 1:
 
    loadhigh /l:0;1 c:\programs\myprog.exe
 
                                      ***

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Last update: June 14, 2000 06:20 EST by -vjf-
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