--------------------- MS-DOS v6.22 Help: RAMDRIVE.SYS ----------------------
<Notes> <Examples>                                                   <Index>
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                                RAMDRIVE.SYS
 
Uses part of your computer's random-access memory (RAM) to simulate a hard
disk drive. This device driver must be loaded by a <DEVICE> or <DEVICEHIGH>
command in your CONFIG.SYS file.
 
RAM drives are much faster than hard disk drives because your computer can
read information faster from memory than from a hard disk. A RAM drive
appears to be a normal hard disk drive; you can use it just as you would any
hard disk drive. The most important difference between a real disk drive and
a RAM drive is that because it exists only in memory, information on a RAM
drive is lost when you turn off or restart your computer. You can set up as
many RAM drives as you want, up to the amount of memory your computer has.
To do this, add one RAMDRIVE.SYS line to your CONFIG.SYS file for each
additional RAM drive you want.
 
Syntax
 
    DEVICE=[drive:][path]RAMDRIVE.SYS [DiskSize SectorSize [NumEntries]]]
    [/E | /A]
 
Parameters
 
[drive:][path]
    Specifies the location of the RAMDRIVE.SYS file.
 
DiskSize
    Specifies how many kilobytes of memory you want to use for the RAM
    drive. For example, to create a 640K RAM drive, specify 640. If you
    don't specify an amount, RAMDrive will create a 64K RAM drive. You can
    specify a value from 4 to 32767. However, you cannot specify more memory
    than your system has available.
 
SectorSize
    Specifies the disk sector size in bytes. The size can be 128, 256, or
    512 bytes. (If you include a SectorSize value, you must also include a
    value for DiskSize.)
 
    Generally, you should use the default sector size of 512 bytes.
 
NumEntries
    Limits the number of files and directories you can create in the RAM
    drive's root directory. The limit can be from 2 to 1024 entries; the
    limit you specify is rounded up to the nearest sector size boundary. If
    you do not specify a limit, you can create up to 64 entries in the RAM
    drive's root directory. (If you include a value for NumEntries, you must
    also include values for DiskSize and SectorSize.)
 
    If there is not enough memory to create the RAM drive as specified,
    RAMDrive will try to create it with a limit of 16 directory entries.
    This may result in a RAM drive with a different limit from the one you
    specified.
 
Switches
 
/E
    Creates the RAM drive in extended memory.
 
    For RAMDrive to use extended memory, your system must be configured so
    that it provides extended memory, and a DEVICE command for the
    extended-memory manager (such as HIMEM.SYS) must appear in your
    CONFIG.SYS file before the DEVICE command for RAMDRIVE.SYS. In general,
    it is best to create a RAM drive in extended memory if your system has
    extended memory.
 
/A
    Creates the RAM drive in expanded memory.
 
    For RAMDrive to use expanded memory, your system must be configured so
    that it provides expanded memory, and the DEVICE command for the
    expanded-memory manager (such as EMM386, 386MAX, CEMM, or QEMM) must
    appear in your CONFIG.SYS file before DEVICE command for RAMDRIVE.SYS.
 
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<Syntax> <Examples>
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                            RAMDRIVE.SYS--Notes
 
Using conventional memory
 
Although specifying a memory type is optional, it is strongly recommended.
If you omit both the /E and /A switches, RAMDRIVE.SYS uses your system's
conventional memory. It is not a good idea to use conventional memory for a
RAM drive, because this reduces available work space for programs. However,
if you don't have extended memory, expanded memory, or a hard disk drive,
you might want to use conventional memory for a RAM drive. A RAM drive can
increase the speed of a floppy disk system significantly enough that it may
be worth the loss of some conventional memory.
 
Using extended memory
 
If your system has extended memory installed (starting at the 1-megabyte
boundary), you can use this extended memory for one or more RAM drives. For
RAMDRIVE.SYS to use extended memory, you must first install HIMEM.SYS or
another extended-memory manager that conforms to the
Lotus/Intel/Microsoft/AST eXtended Memory Specification (XMS). In your
CONFIG.SYS file, the DEVICE command that installs the XMS extended-memory
manager must precede the commands that install the RAM drive.
 
Using expanded memory
 
For RAMDRIVE.SYS to use expanded memory, you must configure your system so
that it provides expanded memory. In your CONFIG.SYS file, the DEVICE
command that installs the expanded-memory manager (such as EMM386.EXE) must
precede the DEVICE command that installs RAMDRIVE.SYS. The expanded-memory
manager must conform to the Lotus/Intel/Microsoft Expanded Memory
Specification (LIM EMS).
 
Increasing the efficiency of a RAM drive
 
For the best results with a RAM drive, you can define a TEMP environment
variable and set it to a directory on the RAM drive. If you use Windows, be
sure the RAM drive is at least 2 MB in size; otherwise, there might not be
enough space to create temporary files for printing.
 
Compressing a RAMDrive
 
To compress a RAMDrive, use the <DRVSPACE /CREATE> command. Although it is
possible to compress a RAMDrive by using the DRVSPACE /COMPRESS command, it
is not recommended. Due to the inherent volatility of a RAMDrive,
DriveSpace's automatic recovery mechanisms cannot work on a RAMDrive.
 
If you compress your RAMDrive, make sure the DEVICE command for RAMDRIVE.SYS
appears in your CONFIG.SYS file before the DEVICE command for DRVSPACE.SYS.
Otherwise, the compressed RAMDrive will not be automatically mounted when
your computer starts.
 
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<Syntax> <Notes>
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                           RAMDRIVE.SYS--Examples
 
To create a RAM drive in extended memory and allocate 64K (the default
amount) of extended memory to RAMDRIVE.SYS, add the following line to your
CONFIG.SYS file:
 
    device=c:\dos\ramdrive.sys /e
 
This command loads RAMDRIVE.SYS from the C:\DOS directory.
 
Suppose you want to install RAMDRIVE.SYS in expanded memory and allocate 4
MB (4096K) of expanded memory to the RAM drive. To do this and to specify
that RAMDRIVE.SYS is located in the DOS directory on drive C, add the
following line to your CONFIG.SYS file:
 
    device=c:\dos\ramdrive.sys 4096 /a
 
Now suppose you want to allocate 2048K of extended memory to RAMDRIVE.SYS
and create a RAM drive that has 512-byte sectors and a limit of 1024 entries
in its root directory. To do this and to specify that RAMDRIVE.SYS is
located in the DEVICES directory on drive D, add the following line to your
CONFIG.SYS file:
 
    device=d:\devices\ramdrive.sys 2048 512 1024 /e
 
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Last update: June 14, 2000 06:20 EST by -vjf-
Content © 1997 Microsoft Corporation
All else © 2000 Vernon J Frazee
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