------------------------- MS-DOS v6.22 Help: SUBST -------------------------
<Notes> <Examples>                                                   <Index>
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                                   SUBST
 
Associates a path with a drive letter.
 
The drive letter you assign represents a virtual drive, because you can use
the drive letter in commands as if it were a physical drive.
 
Do not use the SUBST command when Windows is running.
 
Syntax
 
    SUBST [drive1: [drive2:]path]
 
    SUBST drive1: /D
 
To display the names of the virtual drives in effect, use the following
syntax:
 
    SUBST
 
Parameters
 
drive1:
    Specifies the virtual drive to which you want to assign a path.
 
drive2:
    Specifies the physical drive that contains the specified path (if
    different from the current drive).
 
path
    Specifies the path that you want to assign to a virtual drive.
 
Switch
 
/D
    Deletes a virtual drive.
 
Related Command
 
For information about increasing the number of available drive letters, see
the <LASTDRIVE> command.
 
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<Syntax> <Examples>
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                                SUBST--Notes
 
Using other commands with SUBST
 
The following commands do not work, or should not be used, on drives used in
the SUBST command:
 
ASSIGN           DISKCOPY          RECOVER
BACKUP           FDISK             RESTORE
CHKDSK           FORMAT            SYS
DEFRAG           LABEL             UNDELETE /S
DISKCOMP         MIRROR
 
Valid drive1 values
 
The drive1 parameter must be within the range specified by the LASTDRIVE
command. If not, SUBST displays the following error message:
 
    Invalid parameter - drive1:
 
Using SUBST with Microsoft Windows
 
Do not create or delete virtual drives using the SUBST command while
Microsoft Windows is running. If you want to create or delete a virtual
drive using the SUBST command, quit Windows, create or delete the virtual
drive, and then start Windows again.
 
Using SUBST with compressed drives
 
You can use SUBST to associate a path on a compressed drive with a drive
letter. However, the drive size and free space of the SUBST drive (for
example, as reported by the DIR command) might not match the drive size and
free space reported for the compressed drive.
 
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<Syntax> <Notes>
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                               SUBST--Example
 
The following command creates a virtual drive Z for the path
B:\USER\BETTY\FORMS:
 
    subst z: b:\user\betty\forms
 
Now, instead of typing the full path, you can reach this directory by typing
the letter of the virtual drive, followed by a colon, as in the following
example:
 
    z:
 
This example works only if you have included the line LASTDRIVE=Z in your
CONFIG.SYS file to define Z as the highest letter that MS-DOS recognizes as
a disk drive. For more information, see the <LASTDRIVE> command.
 
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Last update: June 14, 2000 06:20 EST by -vjf-
Content © 1997 Microsoft Corporation
All else © 2000 Vernon J Frazee
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