------------------------- MS-DOS v6.22 Help: XCOPY -------------------------
<Notes> <Examples>                                                   <Index>
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                                   XCOPY
 
Copies directories, their subdirectories, and files (except hidden and
system files).
 
With this command, you can copy all the files in a directory, including the
files in the subdirectories of that directory.
 
Syntax
 
    XCOPY source [destination] [/Y|/-Y] [/A|/M] [/D:date] [/P] [/S] [/E]
    [/V] [/W]
 
Parameters
 
source
    Specifies the location and names of the files you want to copy. Source
    must include either a drive or a path.
 
destination
    Specifies the destination of the files you want to copy. Destination can
    include a drive letter and colon, a directory name, a filename, or a
    combination.
 
Switches
 
/Y
    Indicates that you want XCOPY to replace existing file(s) without
    prompting you for confirmation. By default, if you specify an existing
    file as the destination file, XCOPY will ask you if you want to
    overwrite the existing file. (Previous versions of MS-DOS would simply
    replace the existing file.) If the XCOPY command is part of a batch
    file, XCOPY will behave as in previous versions. Specifying this switch
    overrides all defaults and the current setting of the COPYCMD
    environment variable.
 
/-Y
    Indicates that you want XCOPY to prompt you for confirmation when
    replacing an existing file. Specifying this switch overrides all
    defaults and the current setting of the COPYCMD environment variable.
 
/A
    Copies only source files that have their archive file attributes set.
    This switch does not modify the archive file attribute of the source
    file. For information about how to set the archive file attribute, see
    the ATTRIB command.
 
/M
    Copies source files that have their archive file attributes set. Unlike
    the /A switch, the /M switch turns off archive file attributes in the
    files specified in source. For information about how to set the archive
    file attribute, see the <ATTRIB> command.
 
/D:date
    Copies only source files modified on or after the specified date. Note
    that the format of date depends on the COUNTRY setting you are using.
 
/P
    Prompts you to confirm whether you want to create each destination
    file.
 
/S
    Copies directories and subdirectories, unless they are empty. If you
    omit this switch, XCOPY works within a single directory.
 
/E
    Copies any subdirectories, even if they are empty.
 
/V
    Verifies each file as it is written to the destination file to make sure
    that the destination files are identical to the source files.
 
/W
    Displays the following message and waits for your response before
    starting to copy files:
 
    Press any key to begin copying file(s)
 
Related Command
 
For information about copying individual files, see the <COPY> command. For
information about copying disks, see the <DISKCOPY> command.
 
                                      ***

<Syntax> <Examples>
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                                XCOPY--Notes
 
Default value for destination
 
If you omit destination, the XCOPY command copies the files to the current
directory.
 
Specifying whether destination is a file or directory
 
If destination does not contain an existing directory and does not end with
a backslash (\), XCOPY prompts you with a message in the following format:
 
    Does destination specify a file name
    or directory name on the target
    (F = file, D = directory)?
 
Press F if you want the file(s) to be copied to a file. Press D if you want
the file(s) to be copied to a directory.
 
Setting the COPYCMD environment variable
 
You can set the COPYCMD environment variable to specify whether you want the
COPY, MOVE, and XCOPY commands to prompt you for confirmation before
overwriting a file in all cases, whether issued from the command prompt or
from a batch file.
 
To force the COPY, MOVE, and XCOPY commands to prompt you before overwriting
in all cases, set the COPYCMD environment variable /-Y. To force these
commands to overwrite in all cases without prompting you, set the COPYCMD
environment variable to /Y.
 
Typing any of these commands with the /Y or /-Y switch overrides all
defaults and the current setting of the COPYCMD environment variable.
 
XCOPY does not copy hidden and system files
 
In older versions of MS-DOS, XCOPY copied hidden and system files. This is
not the case in MS-DOS 6.22. To remove the hidden or system attribute from a
file, use the <ATTRIB> command.
 
XCOPY sets archive attribute for destination files
 
XCOPY creates files with the archive attribute set, whether or not this
attribute was set in the source file. For more information about file
attributes, see the ATTRIB command.
 
XCOPY vs. DISKCOPY
 
If you have a disk that contains files in subdirectories and you want to
copy it to a disk that has a different format, you should use the XCOPY
command instead of DISKCOPY. Since the DISKCOPY command copies disks track
by track, it requires that your source and destination disks have the same
format. XCOPY has no such requirement. In general, use XCOPY unless you need
a complete disk image copy. However, XCOPY will not copy hidden or system
files such as IO.SYS and MSDOS.SYS. Therefore, use DISKCOPY to make copies
of system disks.
 
XCOPY exit codes
 
The following list shows each exit code and a brief description of its
meaning:
 
0
    Files were copied without error.
 
1
    No files were found to copy.
 
2
    The user pressed CTRL+C to terminate XCOPY.
 
4
    Initialization error occurred. There is not enough memory or disk space,
    or you entered an invalid drive name or invalid syntax on the command
    line.
 
5
    Disk write error occurred.
 
You can use the ERRORLEVEL parameter on the IF command line in a batch
program to process exit codes returned by XCOPY. For more information, see
the topic <XCOPY--Examples>.
 
                                      ***

<Syntax> <Notes>
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                              XCOPY--Examples
 
The following example copies all the files and subdirectories (including any
empty subdirectories) from the disk in drive A to the disk in drive B:
 
    xcopy a: b: /s /e
 
The following example uses the /D: and /V switches:
 
    xcopy a: b: /d:01/18/93 /s /v
 
In this example, only files on the disk in drive A that were written on or
after 01/18/93 are copied to the disk in drive B. Once the files are written
to the disk in drive B, the XCOPY command compares the files on the two
disks to make sure they are the same.
 
You can create a batch program to perform XCOPY operations and use the batch
IF command to process the exit code in case an error occurs. For example,
the following batch program uses replaceable parameters for the XCOPY source
and destination parameters:
 
    @echo off
    rem COPYIT.BAT transfers all source
    rem files in all directories on the source
    rem drive (%1) to the destination drive (%2)
 
    xcopy %1 %2 /s /e
 
    if errorlevel 4 goto lowmemory
    if errorlevel 2 goto abort
    if errorlevel 0 goto exit
 
    :lowmemory
    echo Insufficient memory to copy files or
    echo invalid drive or command-line syntax.
    goto exit
 
    :abort
    echo You pressed CTRL+C to end the copy operation.
    goto exit
 
    :exit
 
To use this batch program to copy all files in the C:\PRGMCODE directory and
its subdirectories to drive B, type the following command:
 
    copyit c:\prgmcode b:
 
The command interpreter substitutes C:\PRGMCODE for %1 and B: for %2, then
uses XCOPY with the /E and /S switches. If XCOPY encounters an error, the
batch program reads the exit code and goes to the label indicated in the
appropriate IF ERRORLEVEL statement. MS-DOS displays the appropriate message
and exits from the batch program.
 
                                      ***

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Last update: June 14, 2000 06:20 EST by -vjf-
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